Federal Register Proposed Rules, Rules and Notices for July 15,2013

July 15,2013

RULES

Combined Drug and Alcohol Testing Programs [FR DOC# 2013-16852] SUMMARY:
This rulemaking allows air carrier operators and commuter or on-demand
operators that also conduct commercial air tour operations to combine the
drug and alcohol testing required for each operation into one testing
program. The current rule requires those operators to conduct separate
testing programs for their commercial air tour operations. This results in
an unnecessary duplication of effort. The intended effect of this
rulemaking is to decrease operating costs by eliminating the requirement
for duplicate programs while maintaining the level of safety intended by
existing rules. This final rule also clarifies existing instructions within
the rule, corrects a typographical error, and removes language describing a
practice that has been discontinued.

Pilot Certification and Qualification Requirements for Air Carrier
Operations [FR DOC# 2013-16849] SUMMARY: This action creates new
certification and qualification requirements for pilots in air carrier
operations. As a result of this action, a second in command (first officer)
in domestic, flag, and supplemental operations must now hold an airline
transport pilot certificate and an airplane type rating for the aircraft to
be flown. An airline transport pilot certificate requires that a pilot be
23 years of age and have 1,500 hours total time as a pilot. Pilots with
fewer than 1,500 flight hours may qualify for a restricted privileges
airline transport pilot certificate beginning at 21 years of age if they
are a military-trained pilot, have a bachelor’s degree with an aviation
major, or have an associate’s degree with an aviation major. The restricted
privileges airline transport pilot certificate will also be available to
pilots with 1,500 flight hours who are at least 21 years of age. This
restricted privileges airline transport pilot certificate allows a pilot to
serve as second in command in domestic, flag, and supplemental operations
not requiring more than two pilot flightcrew members. This rule also
retains the second-class medical certification requirement for a second in
command in part 121 operations. Pilots serving as an air carrier pilot in
command (captain) must have, in addition to an airline transport pilot
certificate, at least 1,000 flight hours in air carrier operations. This
rule also adds to the eligibility requirements for an airline transport
pilot certificate with an airplane category multiengine class rating or an
airline transport pilot certificate obtained concurrently with a type
rating. To receive an airline transport pilot certificate with a
multiengine class rating a pilot must have 50 hours of multiengine flight
experience and must have completed a new FAA-approved Airline Transport
Pilot Certification Training Program. This new training program will
include academic coursework and training in a flight simulation training
device. These requirements will ensure that a pilot has the proper
qualifications, training, and experience before entering an air carrier
environment as a pilot flightcrew member.

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